Das iMiR hat seine Aktivitäten bis auf Weiteres eingestellt
Wir haben seit Anfang 2016 unseren Betrieb vorläufig eingestellt und bereiten gerade den Übergang zu einer neuen Generation von anti-rassistischen "Advocates", die qualitative Forschung und Advocacy verknüpfen. Wir suchen Interessierte, die an der Weiterführung der Tradition des iMiR sich aktive beteiligen wollen. Mehr dazu in unseren FAQ's.
Sonderstudie "Ethnic Profiling"
Historically “ethnic profiling” goes back to “parole prediction”, which applied the same methods as the risk assessment of new applicants in insurance companies, where group-traits were used to make predictions. First profiles were developed in the 1960's. Since then different styles of profiling have developed. Formal profiles and less structured, informally collected data, which is not systematically analysed and which is increasingly being used in contemporary policing. Predictive profiles contain variables such as “race”, religion or skin colour. The underlying assumption is that by including ethnicity in a criminal profile, this increases the efficiency of law enforcement.
In Germany two aspects of ethnic-profiling can be distinguished. Informal Profiling which covers everyday routines of police-officers, like identity checks, normal stop and search and Formal Profiling covering dragnets (“Rasterfahndung” and “Schleierfahndung”), controls without any suspicion (“Verdachtsunabhängige Kontrollen”) and airport controls. “Ethnic monitoring” is different to “ethnic profiling” because it is used with the individual’s permission, according to national and European data protection regulations and gathers sensitive information for statistical reasons5. The discussion on ethnic data collection is a sensitive topic in Germany, but meanwhile a wider public sees the need for some kind of ethnic data collection to make (indirect) discrimination visible6. In the absence of officially available ethnic data all kinds of proxies and work-around are used, which are open for misuse. There is evidence that “ethnic profiling” takes places, but officially it is denied. The presented report has the purpose to find new evidence about “ethnic profiling” in Germany, which goes beyond the information provided in the OSJI-report on ethnic profiling7, which includes developments and data before 2007 and has a strong focus on formal profiling in Germany.
Die Studie zu Deutschland (in Englisch) können Sie hier runterladen:
|ENAR Ethnic Profiling Supplement Germany.pdf||725.72 KB|